The laws on parenting rights when a child is conceived through artificial insemination place a focus on biological sex rather than gender identity.
Legal parents for children conceived through donor insemination
The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (2008) sets out who a child's legal parents will be when conceived through donor insemination. This legislation was particularly significant for same-sex couples as it allowed, for the first time, a child to have two mums or two dads named as legal parents.
Under UK law, a child can only have two legal parents although a number of people can hold parental responsibility. For children conceived through donor insemination, who the legal parents are will depend on the circumstances at the time a child is conceived.
Fertility law experts Natalie Gamble Associates provide useful information on how these rules apply to trans people on their website;
Other useful sources of support
You can find local LGBT-friendly solicitors and other useful contacts through Stonewall's online database What's In My Area.
For further information you can fill out our enquiry form, call Stonewall's Information Service on 08000 502020, tweet to @StonewallUKInfo or email email@example.com