Read the Education Guide Supporting LGB young people.
Lesbian, gay and bisexual young people come from every socio-economic background, they are of different ethnicities, faiths and each will have their own way of dressing, acting, talking and their own interests. People realise that they are lesbian, gay or bisexual at different stages in their lives. So even if a young person seems to have been heterosexual in the past, it doesn’t mean they are heterosexual now, or will be heterosexual in the future. Similarly, one shouldn’t assume that a young person who identifies as bisexual is just in a phase and will later on be lesbian, gay or heterosexual.
Most people are heterosexual and there is often therefore an assumption that everyone is. This means that young people who aren’t heterosexual often feel they have to ‘come out’ – that is, let other people know they are lesbian, gay or bisexual. People come out in lots of different ways. Sometimes they choose to make a statement to everyone or to proactively tell people they are lesbian, gay or bisexual. Some choose to simply let people find out what their sexual orientation is as it comes up and others may come out to themselves but decide not to let anyone know at all. It is important that school staff know how to respond when a young person comes out.
The experiences of lesbian, gay and bisexual young people differ greatly but they have the same needs as any other young person - they want to feel included and supported. They also need information relevant to them which enables them to make safe choices but four in five gay young people do not have access in school to resources that can help them. Lesbian, gay and bisexual young people also need positive role models and it is important they are able to meet other gay young people their age. They should be able to be themselves without fear of homophobic bullying. When gay young people are being taught positively about lesbian and gay issues in the curriculum they are 60 per cent more likely to be happy at school.
Stonewall's Education Guide on Supporting LGB young people provides many suggestions and good practice case studies as well as top ten recommendations for school staff and anyone working with young people.